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American Chemical Society

Division of the History of Chemistry

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Citations for Chemical Breakthrough Awards

2021 Awardees

NOTE: Text in COLOR indicates a "live" link.

Scientists/Inventors Breakthrough Publication
(If text is in color, this is a live link to the plaque.)
Location of Award
(If text is in color, this is a live link to photographs
and other materials related to the presentation.)
J. Willard Gibbs “On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances,”
Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences
1876, 3, 108 - 248; 1878, 3, 343 - 524.
Yale University
Kenichi Fukui, Teijiro Yonezawa,
and Haruo Shingu
“A Molecular Orbital Theory of Reactivity in Aromatic Hydrocarbons,”
The Journal of Chemical Physics 1952, 20, 722 - 725.
Kyoto University *
R. Noyori, T. Ohkuma, M. Kitamura,
H. Takaya, N. Sayo, H. Kumobayashi, and S. Akutagawa
“Asymmetric Hydrogenation of β-Keto Carboxylic Esters.
A Practical, Purely Chemical Access to β-Hydroxy Esters
in High Enantiomeric Purity,”

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1987, 109(10), 5856 - 5858.
Nagoya University
Institute for Molecular Science, Myodaiji, Okazaki, Japan
Takasago International Corporation

* Plaque presented to the Graduate School of Engineering with a duplicate plaque sent to the Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University.